\ Which of the following occurred in the presence of tetrodotoxin? - Dish De

Which of the following occurred in the presence of tetrodotoxin?

This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. Now, we have got the complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested!

Which of the following was NOT a consequence of being exposed to tetrodotoxin? The amount of action potentials dropped significantly.

Which of the following is an event that takes place during the initial development of an action potential?

In the process of the formation of an action potential, which of the following takes place first? Voltage-gated sodium channels open. Voltage-gated potassium channels open. The membrane loses some of its polarity.

Which of the following takes place when the action potential is at its highest?

The highest point of the action potential, known as the overshoot, occurs when the membrane potential is positive. A repolarization of the membrane potential occurs during the falling phase, and the undershoot causes the membrane potential to become more negative than it was during the resting period. Following the undershoot, the membrane potential will eventually settle back into its normal state.

What influence does a decrease in the potassium concentration of the extracellular fluid have on the resting membrane potential?

The potential of the membrane when it is at rest

The steepness of the concentration gradient can be reduced by increasing the amount of potassium that is found extracellularly; as a result, less potassium will diffuse out of the neuron.

What kind of influence did an increase in the sodium concentration outside the cell have on the resting membrane potential?

That would lead to an increase in the amount of sodium that was exported from the cell. It would slow down the rate at which sodium was expelled from the cell. The membrane potential would shift to a higher negative value as a result of this alteration.

Tetrodotoxin USMLE Mnemonic

37 related questions found

What side effects are associated with elevating the extracellular sodium levels?

An increase in the influx of sodium ions causes a further depolarization of the cell. A positive feedback cycle quickly pushes the membrane potential toward its peak value, which is close to but not quite equal to the Na+ equilibrium potential. This occurs because the Na+ equilibrium potential is inversely proportional to the membrane potential. After this, two mechanisms are activated, each of which contributes to repolarization at the apex of the the capacity for action

What kind of influence did an increase in the amount of potassium found extracellularly have on the action potential?

A model was built in order to investigate the impact that an accumulation of potassium ions in the extracellular space has on the action potential of muscle fibers as well as their CV. The action potential gradually widened, while simultaneously experiencing a drop in peak-to-peak amplitude and coefficient of variation (CV) as the extracellular potassium concentration was raised.

Why does an increase in the amount of potassium outside the cell cause a change in the membrane potential?

The rapid influx of Na+ through voltage-sensitive Na+ channels into excitable cells is caused when the membrane is depolarized as a result of an high extracellular K+ concentration ([K+]o). Based on these findings, it appears that an rise in [K+]o does not open voltage-sensitive Na+ channels and may instead restrict the inflow of Na+ in astroglia.

Can you walk me through the five stages of an action potential?

The action potential can be broken down into five distinct phases: the recovery phase, the rising phase, the falling phase, and the resting potential and threshold phases.

How many stages are there in the action potential?

The action potential can be broken down into its three primary stages, which are depolarization, repolarization, and hyperpolarization.

What side effects are caused by the opening of voltage-gated K+ channels?

Potassium exits the cell in the direction of its concentration gradient after voltage-gated potassium channels are allowed to open. These voltage-gated potassium channels allow for the cell’s depolarization to cease, allowing for the possibility of repolarization to take place.

What is the initial occurrence of a quizlet containing an action potential?

The opening of voltage-gated potassium channels at the axon hillock is the initial stage in the process of the formation of an action potential. These channels are found in axons.

Exactly how many stages are there in an action potential?

The stimulation of a neuron at either the threshold or the suprathreshold level can result in the generation of an action potential. Depolarization, an overshoot, and repolarization are the phases that make up this phenomenon. As it reaches the terminal button, an action potential will have traveled the length of the cell membrane that makes up an axon.

What are the five steps involved in taking a quizlet on action potential?

Terms included in this group
  • The threshold, which is -55 mV…
  • Depolarization (interior less negative) …
  • Resting. …
  • Repolarization. …
  • Hard as a rock

What are the five stages that take place when information is sent from one synaptic terminal to another?

The release of neurotransmitters from the presynaptic terminal involves a complex series of stages, including the following: 1) the depolarization of the terminal membrane, 2) the activation of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels, 3) the entry of Ca2+, 4) a change in the conformation of docking proteins, 5) the fusing of the vesicle to the plasma membrane, with subsequent…

What are the many stages involved in completing an action potential quizlet?

Terms included in this group
  • The first step is to reach the threshold…
  • The second step is called depolarization….
  • Phase Three: Potassium Channels Open While Sodium Channels Shut Down…
  • Active Sodium and Potassium Pumps are the Topic of the Fourth Phase Start the process of repolarization now….
  • The fifth step is called hyperpolarization….
  • The sixth step is known as the resting potential.

What would happen to the transmembrane potential of a neuron if the concentration of potassium ions outside of the cell were increased?

raise the potential of the membranes (hyperpolarize the cell) because the presence of additional potassium outside the cell will cause the potassium equilibrium potential to be lower.

What kind of an effect does the concentration of potassium have on action potential?

A rise in the concentration of potassium in the environment is associated with a fall in the resting potential, whereas a fall in potassium levels is associated with an increase in potential.

What changes take place in the resting potential of a typical neuron when the concentration of potassium ions outside the cell is increased?

The plasma membrane of most cells, including neurons, has channels that allow potassium ions to flow out passively and openly… Determine what will happen to the resting membrane potential if the concentration of K+ outside of the cell is raised. The membrane potential at rest will exhibit a greater degree of positivity.

Why does adding extracellular potassium depolarize neurons?

Why does increased extracellular potassium depolarize neurons? The chemical gradient flips when it is confronted with large quantities of potassium outside the cell, causing the driving force to go in the opposite direction. Now that positive ions are moving inside the cell, the voltage of the cell will increase, which is referred to as depolarization.

What side effects are associated with an increase in extracellular chloride?

Eventually, a change in the chloride potential of the extracellular fluid will result in a change in the chloride potential of the intracellular fluid. This will result in changes in the relative volume of the cell as well as changes in the chloride, potassium, sodium, and internal anion concentrations.

Get the answers to the following quizlet questions about the four stages of an action potential.

Terms included in this group
  • Then, determine the potential at rest. The sodium and potassium channels have been shut down…
  • The second step is depolarization. The opening of sodium channels is triggered by an external stimulation…
  • Step 3 – Repolarization. The Na+ channels become inactive while the K+ channels become active…
  • The fourth step involves the conditions of rest. Both the Na+ and the K+ channels are shut down.

What is the quizlet about the action potential?

action potential. a phenomena that occurs in excitable cells, such as nerve and muscle cells, and comprises of a fast depolarization (also known as an upstroke) followed by repolarization of the membrane potential. Action potentials are the fundamental mechanism for the transfer of information in all different kinds of muscle and throughout the nervous system.

Is characterized as a loop consisting of four stages, beginning with?

pause for thought: the resting state A cycle of four phases, beginning with hyperpolarization, is used to represent depolarization, which is defined as an increase to +30 mV. happens when Na+ channels open while K+ channels close; this is followed by an action potential; this, in turn, is followed by Na+ channels becoming inactive while K+ channels remain active…