This is a question our experts keep getting from time to time. Now, we have got the complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested!
Both forms display Metagenesis (alternation of generation). For Examples: Physalia (Portuguese man-of-war), Adamsia (Sea anemone), Pennatula (Sea-pen), Gorgonia (Sea-fan) and Meandrina (Brain coral).
Are there any Coelenterates that do not undergo metagenesis?
Metagenesis is the phenomenon in which one generation of some plants and animals reproduce asexually, followed by generations that reproduce sexually. This cycle continues until all generations have reproduced asexually and sexually. It is found in coelenterates (Hydra), a variety of worms, and certain lower chordates. [C]oelenterates [Hydra]
Do all cnidarians show metagenesis?
There are cnidarians that can take both the polyp and the medusa shape. These cnidarians go through the process of metagenesis. It is a phenomena known as alternation of generations, in which polyps make medusae asexually and medusae produce polyps sexually. Polyps produce medusae in this way.
Is metagenesis evident in Hydra?
Full Answer: Hydra demonstrates only asexual way of reproduction by budding. In the case of Hydra, there is no such thing as metagenesis because they do not engage in sexual reproduction.
Why does Obelia demonstrate metagenesis?
The Life History of Obelia consists of both asexual and sexual generations, which follow one another in a cyclical pattern to complete the life cycle. Metagenesis is the name given to the type of alternation of generation in which the sexual medusoid generation and the asexual polypoid generation appear to alternate frequently with one another, despite the fact that both forms are diploid.
Jellyfish Life Cycle – National Geographic
29 relevant questions found
What are the first and second steps of the metagenesis process?
In biology, the term “alternation of generations” refers to the alternating occurrence of a sexual phase and an asexual phase in the life cycle of an organism. This phenomenon is sometimes referred to as “metagenesis” or “heterogenesis.” The two phases, sometimes known as generations, are typically differentiated from one another morphologically and occasionally chromosomally.
What stages does Obelia go through in its life?
Organizing Principles of Obelia
Throughout its life cycle, an obelisk can either assume the form of a polyp or a medusa. The first type is called diploblastic, and it consists of two genuine tissue layers: an epidermis and a dermis. In contrast, the second type of epidermis is called the gastrodermis (endodermis), and it has a layer of jelly-like mesoglia that fills the space in between the two layers of tissue.
What are some examples of metagenesis?
The reproduction cycle of an organism that consists of both sexual and asexual generations is an example of what is known as metagenesis. An example of metagenesis is the reproductive cycle of a cnidarian. … Reproduction in which there is alternating of an asexual with a sexual generation, as in many cnidarians.
What is real metagenesis?
As a result of the fact that the life cycle of the Obelia is of the alternating type, which generates offspring through both sexual and asexual reproduction, metagenesis is the process that best exemplifies the Obelia. Metagenesis refers to the type of life cycle that occurs in plants and animals who have distinct diploid asexual and haploid sexual stages.
Does Hydra Display Generational Alternation in Its Cycles?
Within its life cycle, Hydra does not exhibit any signs of generational alternation. In addition, during its life cycle, it does not go through any stage that resembles a larva.
What exactly is metagenesis, and how does the example of Cnidaria show metagenesis in action?
Cnidarians that have both polyps and medusae are examples of a phenomena known as metagenesis. This is an alternate mode of generation that can be seen in these animals. Asexual reproduction of medusae by polyps leads to sexual reproduction of polyps by medusae.
What is difference between polyp and medusa?
Polyps are the names given to sessile structures, while medusa are the names given to swimming forms. The major distinction between polyp and medusa is that polyp is a fixed, cylindrical structure, indicating the asexual stage and medusa is a free swimming, umbrella-like structure, symbolizing the sexual stage.
What is Coelenterate metagenesis?
Alternation of generation is also known as metagenesis. It is a phenomena that occurs when, during the life history of an organism, a diploid asexual phase and a haploid sexual phase frequently alternate with each other. This occurs in the case of the so-called sexual-asexual transition.
In the world of cnidaria, what exactly is polymorphism?
Polymorphism. Polymorphism refers to the existence of structurally and functionally more than two different types of individuals inside the same organism. It is a property that is unique to Cnidarians, in particular the polyp and medusa forms, as well as the zooids that reside within colonial organisms such as those found in Hydrozoa.
Which grade does Obelia consider herself to be in?
Genus of invertebrate sea organisms belonging to the class Hydrozoa known as Obelia
What is alternation of generation in Coelenterates?
Alternation of generation may be characterized as a situation where a diploid asexual phase and a haploid sexual phase frequently alternative with each other. … In coelenterates, an asexual polyoid generation appears to alternate periodically with a sexual medusoid generation.
Why are organisms like coelenterates classified as cnidarians?
Cnidarians are so-called because they have specialized cells within them known as cnidoblasts. Coelenterates fall into this category. They are equipped with features that can inflict pain known as nematocysts.
Is metagenesis evident in Obelia?
A characteristic alternation of generations or metagenesis is seen in the life history of Obelia. The Obelia colony does not produce sperm or eggs, does not have gonads, and grows through an asexual process, which can be described as the repetitive budding of the hydrula.
What is metagenesis in Aurelia?
Metagenesis, sometimes wrongly dubbed alternation of generations , is the life history pattern displayed by most cnidarians other than anthozoans. … It is important to keep in mind that, in contrast to alternation of generations, the process of metagenesis results in two body forms that are both diploid.
What is an example of metagenesis for class 11?
The process known as metagenesis occurs when one generation of some plants and animals reproduce asexually, followed by the generation that reproduces sexually…. Coelenterates exhibits metagenesis (e.g., Obelia) where polyp form alternates with medusa in its life cycle.
What is metagenesis short?
: alternation of generations in animals especially : regular alternation of a sexual and an asexual generation.
With relation to Obelia, what exactly is polymorphism?
Polymorphism is the phenomenon in which the same species can be found in more than one type of individuals that are distinct from one another in both shape and function. Obelia colonies exhibit polymorphism as well as a division of labor between its polyp and Medusa forms.
Is the Obelia genus classified as a plant or an animal?
There is a genus of hydrozoans known as Obelia. Hydrozoans are primarily marine animals but also include some freshwater species. The life cycle of hydrozoans includes both a polyp and a medusa stage. The Hydrozoa are classified under the phylum Cnidaria, which is comprised of aquatic (often marine) animals that have a structure that is not overly complex. A other name for obeilia is sea fur.
Which term best describes a sea anemone: polyp or medusa?
In contrast to jellies, sea anemones do not go through a stage in their life cycle where they transform into a medusa. A typical sea anemone is a single polyp attached to a hard surface by its base, however other species live in soft silt and a few float near the surface of the water.
What stages does Hydra go through during its life cycle?
Hydroids have three primary life-cycle stages: (1) a tiny free-swimming ciliated planula larva approximately 1 mm (0.04 inch) long, which settles and metamorphoses into (2) a sessile (attached), usually colonial polyp stage, which in turn liberates (3) a gamete-producing male or female medusa (“jellyfish”).